In India, the earliest traces of paintings could be credited to the historic period. These paintings are made in the caves of Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh. On the quartzite walls of stone shelters, Indian Miniature Painting have been implemented with the aid of mineral pigments, mostly, ochre.
These paintings have demonstrated many animal as well as human figures, hunting scenes as well as the creatures standing upright, running, and grazing positions. The magnificent work of Mudrarakshasa provides references to patas together with information on Yama pata, Cauka pata as well as dighala pata. In another historic work, Vishnudharmottara, a part chitrasutra elaborates the fundamental tenets of painting.
The early Buddhism work, Vinaya Pitaka also provides reference to the occurrence of painted figures on several royal buildings. During Satavahana age and the period after that many beautiful murals have been done in Ajanta and in different areas such as these Mahadeo hills, Ellora temples as well as Bagh caves. Based on these variables the period between 4th to countless years AD is known as golden span of Indian arts.
Pallava and Chola reign in the south-west portion of India also supported painting together with sculptures. Pala kings in Bengal gave tremendous support, that is the main reason for paintings during the period of ninth century to fifteenth century. These paintings are found on the palm leaves as well as the covers of the manuscripts.
These paintings are called by some historians as these first examples of miniature paintings. During Mughal rule, miniature paintings reached the peak of their glory.